They say a glass of wine a day can keep the doctor away. The most often used example is the French diet. They have a high fat diet but their risk of heart disease is low. Some say it’s the red wine.
According to Eric Rimm a Harvard researcher you can choose any alcoholic beverage, drink in moderation and have it with meals. Almost any alcohol can provide the same health benefits when used in limited quantity. But many choose red wine due to the resveratrol which is a good antioxidant.
Red wine might have more heart-healthy benefits than other types of alcohol but there’s no clear evidence to prove it. Over the past few years there have been many theories and studies on alcohol. All of them tried to find out if alcohol is poison or medicine.
In the end they agreed upon a few conclusions.
Wine is good for older women as it improves brain function. Also red wine with meals can kill all the bacteria responsible for most illness caused by food. Wine improves circulation and reduces the risk of developing blocked arteries. A glass of red wine provides you with enough resveratrol to ward off neurodegenerative diseases. It could also improve the chances of surviving a heart attack.
Anyway, too much alcohol might be the cause of many problems. Heavy drinking has been linked with many cancers including: throat, liver, mouth, stomach and colon. During pregnancy no more than a glass of wine a week is allowed. A boozy binge can damage the baby and delete millions of developing neurons from the brain of the fetus. After three or more units alcohol can be a strong depressant despite the fact that it is often used to cope with anxiety. Too much alcohol can boost appetite and cause weight gain. In men too much alcohol can affect sexual performance.
But how much is too much is too much wine? Based on scientific evidence and references provided by various health authorities there the guidelines of low-moderate consumption have been set at a level of up to 2 drink units for women and up to 3 drink units for men. No more than 4 units are acceptable on any occasion. A drink unit is the equivalent of 10g of pure alcohol. It equates to 10 cl of wine at 12% vol. Most people already know when it’s too much. You don’t need a medical advice on that.
Now, what type of wine is best for your health? Full bodied red wines are most probably the best, especially if they are aged in oak as they have the highest levels of antioxidants. But many people claim it’s the resveratrol that’s the best thing about the red wine but polyphenols are far more important. How do you know if your wine has polyphenols? Well, it means it contains very much polyphenols if you can not to see through it. Simple as that. Procyanidin is another important element in wine. It protects against hardening of the arteries and help to reduce blood pressure. There are two wine-growing region that provide the most procyanidin-rich wines Nuoro province in Sardinia and Madiran in the Pyrenees.
White wine also has health benefits. As it contains caffeic acid and tyrosol, scientists at University in Milan think it can prevent osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
What you have to keep in mind is alcohol can provide health benefits only when used in moderation or else it could turn into pure poison.